This is the report on the Biomass Asia 2006 Meeting “Report on the Investigation and Technological Exchange Projects Concerning Sustainable Agriculture and Environmental Problems” that was held on Monday, March 19, 2007 at Zenbeihan Shokuryo Kaikan Building, Tokyo, Japan.  The Japan Institute of Energy appreciates the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishery, Japan, for entrusting the management of the meeting to them and for the support to this meeting.  They also would like to thank all the participants of this meeting from abroad.